But when anxiety is triggered unnecessarily, continues beyond the immediate threat, or causes a person to restrict his or her life, it may develop into a disorder. Post-traumatic stress disorder Panic disorder Social anxiety Generalized anxiety disorder Obsessive compulsive disorder. Fact sheets PDFs are available for each of these disorders. They detail symptoms, causes, and treatment.
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PTSD often leaves one feeling vulnerable, out of control, and as if one's life is in danger. These feelings are persistent, strong, and do not disappear over time on their own. Everyday life, work, and relationships can be negatively affected. In addition to a traumatic life event, each of these types of symptoms are usually present in a PTSD diagnosis:. Panic disorder results from having panic attacks, or episodes of extreme fear and terror that last anywhere from a few minutes to an hour.
People who have experienced a panic attack often describe it as being the most intense, frightening, and confusing thing that has ever happened to them. They may have felt like they were having a heart attack, dying, or going crazy -- and as a result, they tend to avoid the place or scenario in which they first experienced the panic attack. This high level of anxiety can greatly interfere with everyday functioning; people with panic disorder may completely shut themselves off from the outside world by avoiding normal everyday activities.
Rapid or pounding heart Sweating Trembling or shaking Shortness of breath Choking or smothering sensation Chest pain Chills or hot flashes Feeling unreal or disconnected or detached from oneself Feeling unsteady Faintness Fear of losing control, going crazy or dying Numbness or tingling sensations Download a fact sheet about panic disorder PDF. People with social anxiety disorder have a persistent fear of being looked at, criticized or rejected by others.
They are afraid of embarrassing or humiliating themselves. They feel like others are watching them or constantly judging them. They worry about saying the wrong thing and coming off as foolish. Common anxiety-producing situations for those with social anxiety disorder include:. People with generalized anxiety disorder excessively worry about everyday events. They are unable to let go of their concerns even though they realize they are unwarranted.
Relative Risk Appraisal, the September 11 Attacks, and Terrorism-Related Fears
Concerns over health, money, family, work, or the potential for disaster are most common. When an over-exaggerated level of worry occurs for at least six months, a diagnosis of generalized anxiety disorder is made. Obsessive compulsive disorder OCD affects one's ability to process information and interferes with one functioning.
It is often described as though the mind is stuck on "repeat" or on a loop with one constantly recurring thought or urge. These behaviors can affect normal functioning at work, school, home, and in relationships. People with OCD recognize the irrational nature of their thinking and behavior, but feel unable to control either.
Causes of an Exaggerated Fear of Danger
Other common co-occurring disorders include mood-related disorders and severe mental illness. Types of disorders Other mental illnesses found in co-occurring disorders include:. Effective treatment Co-occurring substance use and mental health disorders need to be treated at the same time. Peer support and other resources Peer support groups, advocacy groups, and public policy agencies can help you and your clients learn more about behavioral health. Frequently asked questions Find answers to frequently asked questions about co-occurring disorders.
The Co-occurring Disorders Program is the first comprehensive treatment program for people with non-severe mental health disorders that co-occur with substance use disorders.
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Learn more. Our online courses will help you expand your knowledge about alcohol and drug addiction and mental health disorders.
Anxiety disorders include: Post-traumatic stress disorder Panic disorder Social anxiety Generalized anxiety disorder Obsessive compulsive disorder Fact sheets PDFs are available for each of these disorders. In addition to a traumatic life event, each of these types of symptoms are usually present in a PTSD diagnosis: Re-experiencing the event in intense memories, dreams, flashbacks, or upset feelings when stimuli triggers trauma-related memories.
Avoidance of people, places, or things reminiscent of the traumatic event, numbing, or detachment.
Although this is a tough sign to pick up on, it is one of the most important. Without funding, terrorist activity will come to a dramatic halt. Terrorists are very creative in raising, transferring, and spending money they come in contact with. Some scenarios to look for include: 1 credit card fraud, 2 defrauding the elderly, 3 people asking for donations to legitimate organizations but in peculiar ways, and 4 very large amounts of cash used in business transactions.
Terrorists may purchase or steal explosives, weapons, ammunition, or attempt to store harmful chemical equipment. In order to gain easier entrance to a secured area, they may also try to acquire uniforms, equipment or identification of first responders, including military personnel. Other items they may try to obtain include flight passes, flight manuals, passports or other pieces of identification. If they are unable to steal these types of things, they may attempt to create counterfeit copies.
Profiling individuals is wrong, however, profiling behaviors may indicate suspicious behavior. This may include a person in a workplace, building, neighborhood or business establishment that does not fit in because of demeanor, language usage or unusual questions they ask. Search IN.
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Find an IN. Top FAQs. Surveillance Terrorists will likely observe a chosen target during the planning phase of an operation. Inquiries A second sign, inquiries, entails attempting to gain information about a place, person, or operation pertaining to the target. Fundraising Although this is a tough sign to pick up on, it is one of the most important.